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The top 10 largest economies in the world in 2024

Get insights into the top 10 largest economies in 2024, and learn about the global economy's growth as the world propels itself towards a prosperous future

Published: Apr 30, 2024 08:26:34 AM IST
Updated: Apr 30, 2024 02:51:38 PM IST

The top 10 largest economies in the world in 2024

The United States of America, China, Germany, Japan, and India are the largest economies in the world in 2024, as per their GDP data. GDP serves as a key metric for assessing the magnitude of a nation's economy. The conventional approach for gauging a country's GDP involves the expenditure method, wherein the total is derived by aggregating expenditure on fresh consumer goods, new investments, government outlays, and the net value of exports.

This article aims to provide insight into the ten largest economies in the world in 2024, arranged by their GDP.

Also Read: The top 10 richest people in the world in 2024

Top 10 Largest Economies in the World 2024

Which are the top 5 GDP countries in the world? The US, China, Germany, Japan and India, respectively, hold those positions in 2024.

Now, let’s take a look at the top 10 largest economies/ richest countries in the world in 2024, sourced from IMF data (as of April 30, 2024):

Rank & Country GDP (USD billion) GDP Per Capita (USD thousand)
#1 United States Of America (U.S.A) 28,783
#2 China 18,536 13.14
#3 Germany 4,730
#4 Japan 4,112
#5 India 3,942 2.73
#6 United Kingdom (U.K.) 3,502 51.07
#7 France 3,132
#8 Brazil 2,333
#9 Italy 2,332 39.58
#10 Canada 2,242 54.87

Also Read: US inflation rate by year: 2012 to 2023

What are the Next 10 Economies

Rank & Country GDP (USD billion)
Russia 2,062
South Korea
Spain 1,652
Indonesia 1,484
Saudi Arabia 1,112
Switzerland 938.46
*Data is last updated on April 30, 2024

Also Read: Top 10 countries with most powerful military strength

Let's take a closer look at the globe's largest economies in 2024

The United States of America

  • Region: North America
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 2.7%
The United States upholds its status as the major global economy and richest country, steadfastly preserving its pinnacle position from 1960 to 2023. Its economy boasts remarkable diversity, propelled by important sectors, including services, manufacturing, finance, and technology. The United States enjoys a substantial consumer market, fosters innovation and entrepreneurial spirit, possesses resilient infrastructure, and experiences advantageous business conditions.

Also Read: Top 10 companies in India by market valuation in 2024


  • Region: East Asia
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 4.6%
China has witnessed a notable upsurge in its economic progress, moving from the fourth rank in 1960 to the second rank in 2023. The Chinese economy predominantly hinges upon manufacturing, exports, and investment. It proudly possesses an extensive workforce, robust governmental backing, infrastructural advancements, and an expeditiously expanding consumer market.

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  • Region: North-central Europe
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate:  0.2%
The German economy strongly focuses on exports and is renowned for its precision in the engineering, automotive, chemical, and pharmaceutical sectors. It derives advantage from its proficient labour force, robust research and development initiatives, and a pronounced commitment to fostering innovation.

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  • Region: East Asia
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 0.9%
Japan's notable economy is distinguished by its progressive technology, manufacturing prowess, and service industry. Prominent sectors encompass automotive, electronic, machinery, and financial domains. Moreover, Japan garners recognition for its unwavering work ethic, pioneering technological advancements, and exceptional exports of superior quality.


  • Region: South Asia
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 6.8%
India is ranked 5th in world's GDP rankings in 2024. India's economy boasts diversity and swift growth, fuelled by key sectors such as information technology, services, agriculture, and manufacturing. The nation capitalises on its broad domestic market, a youthful and technologically adept labour force, and an expanding middle class.

Also Read: India Q2 GDP Data: At 7.6 Percent, Indian Growth Delivers Another Strong Quarter

United Kingdom

  • Region: Western Europe
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate:  0.5%
The economy of the United Kingdom comprises a blend of services, manufacturing, finance, and creative sectors. London functions as a worldwide financial centre, enticing foreign investments. Its trade alliances and globalisation additionally shape the economic expansion of the UK.

Also Read: Debt-to-GDP ratio of Indian states in 2024


  • Region: Western Europe
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 0.7%
France is expected to have a GDP estimated at 2,920 billion US dollars in 2023. The economy of France is characterised by diversification, emphasising industries such as aerospace, tourism, luxury goods, and agriculture. France is renowned for its robust social welfare system, well-developed infrastructure, and substantial investment in research and development.

Also Read: The 10 largest banks in the world in 2024


  • Region:
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 0.7%
Italy boasts a highly developed market as the third-largest economy in the European Union. The nation is known for its influential and pioneering business sector and diligent and competitive agricultural industry.


  • Region:
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 2.2%
The Brazilian economy exhibits a breadth of sectors, encompassing agriculture, mining, manufacturing, and services. Notably, it is a prominent global hub for agricultural production and exportation. Several factors, including commodity prices, domestic consumption, and the advancement of infrastructure, shape the growth of Brazil's economy.

Also Read: Top 10 poorest countries in the world by GDP per capita [2024]


  • Region:
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 1.2%
The Canadian economy relies heavily on its abundant natural resources, encompassing oil, gas, minerals, and timber. Moreover, the nation boasts a thriving services sector, a well-established manufacturing industry, and a steadfast dedication to fostering innovation and technological advancements.

Also Read: Top 10 powerful countries in the world in 2024

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How is Gross Domestic Product (GDP) computed?

GDP is determined by summing up consumption (expenditure by consumers), government expenditure, investment (expenditure by businesses), and net exports (the difference between exports and imports).

2. What are the top 10 poorest countries in the world?

The top 10 poorest countries in the world by GDP per capita are:

  1. South Sudan
  2. Burundi
  3. Central African Republic   
  4. Congo
  5. Mozambique
  6. Niger
  7. Malawi
  8. Liberia
  9. Madagascar
  10. Yemen
3. What is the largest economy in Asia?

The largest economy in Asia is China, with a nominal GDP of over $18,536 billion in 2024. Japan and India rank next to China in Asia's GDP rankings.

4. What are the top 10 richest countries in the world?

The top 10 richest countries in the world by GDP per capita are as follows:

  1. Luxembourg
  2. Macao SAR
  3. Ireland
  4. Singapore
  5. Qatar
  6. United Arab Emirates
  7. Switzerland
  8. San Marino
  9. United States
  10. Norway 

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